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Copperhead Snake


Class: Reptile
Other names: Highland moccasin
Color: Light to chestnut brown body with distinctive hourglass markings on back
Size: Thick-bodied, 2-3 feet in length
Diet: Mice, birds, frogs, insects
Predators: Eagles, hawks, coyotes, raccoons
Interesting Fact: There is another type of copperhead snake in Maryland, found primarily on the eastern and western shores. It is a cross between the northern copperhead and the southern copperhead.

A Copperhead’s Bite Is Venomous, Painful And Rare in Maryland

Although the copperhead snake is found in all parts of Maryland, not many people are bitten by this snake. That’s because the copperhead is a shy creature who will avoid confrontations with humans if possible.

The Stats on This Snake

The Northern Copperhead is the most prevalent in the state. These snakes are 2 to 3 feet long as adults and have these distinguishing features:
• An unmarked, tan to bright-copper head
• A thick, chestnut-colored, copper or tan body with a series of dark hourglass markings on its back
• A pinkish belly
• Vertical slit iris

Northern copperheads can live in forests, fields, wetlands, dry sandy ridges and agricultural fields throughout Maryland.

Female copperheads carry their eggs in their bodies and give birth to 3 to 14 live young, which are 8 to 10 inches long. The young snakes are grayish in color and have a yellow tail that disappears as they age.

Copperheads in the Cold

Copperheads spend Maryland winters in a state similar to hibernation (although they do rouse themselves to drink occasionally). Like all snakes, copperheads can’t regulate their own body temperature so they adapt in many ways:
• Coil themselves to stay warm
• Bask in the sun
• Go out at night during the worst of the summer heat to stay cool

Camouflaged for Hunting

Copperheads hide in leaf litter when hunting, with their patterned skin serving as excellent camouflage. They strike suddenly when their prey—usually small rodents, birds, frogs or insects—runs by. The copperhead snake injects poison into its victims to kill them before swallowing them whole. The snakes sometimes track their larger prey while waiting for the poison to drop them.

Don’t Panic at the Sight of This Snake

If you come across a copperhead snake, it is most likely to move slowly away from you and may emit an odor that smells like cucumbers. If you do get bitten, seek medical help immediately; while bites are usually not fatal, they can be painful and cause nausea, weakness, shortness of breath and tissue damage.

Copperhead Control from the Professionals

If you think copperhead snakes have taken up residence in or around your house, call Brody Brothers Pest Control to investigate and remove any unwanted pests: 443-379-8857

 

If the snake if your yard looks different than the one pictured, it could be one of the following:

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